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risk and protective factors of juvenile delinquency in pakistan

risk and protective factors of juvenile delinquency in pakistan

neurotransmitters that have been associated with impulsive behavior (Goldman, Lappalainen, and Ozaki, 1996). ability to control social behavior within, of social rules. Sparked by high-profile cases involving children who commit violent crimes, public concerns regarding child delinquents have escalated. Risk and protective factors are clear indicators of a youth's likelihood to engage in delinquent activities. Exposure to violence takes many forms: abuse at the hands of a parent or another household member, or witnessing domestic violence between two other household members. The quantitative study showed that, "substance use" was the most salient risk factor for juvenile delinquency while "positive relations in school context" was the most salient protective factor. dial interventions relevant to child delinquency. Results Essential to the development of interventions in the prevention of child delinquency and reduction of chronic criminality is the identification of risk and protective factors. Application of the SDM in the RHC intervention was tested in a quasi-experimental trial nested in the Seattle Social Development Project (SSDP). E. Risk and Protective Factors in the Individual Domain F. Risk and Protective Factors in the Social Domain-Family G. Risk and Protective Factors in the Social Domain-Peers H. Risk and Protective Factors in the Community Domain I. Overview of the presence and severity of a comprehensive set of childhood criminogenic factors among violent repeat offenders. Juvenile delinquents in Saudi Arabia pores a serious social issue in today's society. A seven-group model best fit the sample. Olguların yaş aralığı 12-17 yaş olup, yaş ortalaması 14.4 ± 1'dir. Previous studies have found a variety of risk factors, which can be categorized into several domains, including individual, family, peer, school, and community risk factors (see Case & Haines, 2009;David P Farrington & Welsh, 2008;Hawkins et al., 2000;Heilbrun et al., 2005;Shader, 2001;Vien, 2010; ... Η παιδική κακοποίηση προκύπτει συχνά μεταξύ άλλων ως παράγοντας «διακινδύνευσης» για την πρώιμη έναρξη της παραβατικής δράσης. For example, family-related risk/needs factors, such as parental supervision, could directly impact on the juvenile's problem behaviors in early childhood and academic performance in the school (Baglivio, Wolff, Piquero, DeLisi, & Vaughn, 2018;Campbell, Papp, Barnes, Onifade, & Anderson, 2018; ... rural=2.3). This is one of the major causes of juvenile crime, particularly violent juvenile crime. The following risk factors are discussed in this Bulletin. This foun-, als agree that no single risk factor leads. To prevent juvenile delinquency, there is growing interest in the use of sports-based interventions. Keywords: Juvenile Delinquency, Juvenile Prisons, Punjab, Pakistan. Introduction Juvenile delinquency is a global problem which is increasing day by day and impacting every segment of the society. 2000; Shader 2001; Wasserman et al. This study intends to examine the risk assessment instrument in order to identify gender disparities in risk level among Indiana adjudicated juveniles and its contributing factors to the overall risk assessment. As such, this integrative paper provides one of the few examples of the power of theory-driven developmental preventive intervention to understand impact across generations and the power of embedding controlled tests of preventive intervention within longitudinal studies to understand causal mechanisms. Pperforming the school’s preventive function can be understood Risk and Protective Factors of Child Delinquency, Child Delinquency: Early Intervention and Prevention, Female Juvenile Offending: A Review of Characteristics and Contexts, Assessing Correlates of Onset, Escalation, Deescalation, and Desistance of Delinquent Behavior. age of 10 were twice as likely to offend, status (West and Farrington, 1973). This paper presents a study of profiles of risk factors that influence young offenders toward committing sanctionable antisocial behavior (S-ASB). As the number of risk factors and risk factor domains increase so does the likelihood of early juvenile offending. The research may help with understanding the risk factors for youth offending in the context of Vietnam from a life history approach. Η παρούσα ανάλυση που αποτελεί μέρος του ερευνητικού προγράμματος του Ν.Π.Ι.Δ «ΕΠΑΝΟΔΟΣ» με τίτλο «Το φαινόμενο της υποτροπής αποφυλακισμένων στην Ελλάδα: Εμπειρικά δεδομένα και κατευθύνσεις για την αντεγκληματική πολιτική και την κοινωνική επανένταξη» επιχειρεί τη διερεύνηση των παραγόντων «διακινδύνευσης» κατά την ανηλικότητα για την εκδήλωση παραβατικής συμπεριφοράς μέσα από μια ποιοτική προσέγγιση, στο πλαίσιο της ελληνικής πραγματικότητας. After determining the effects of fatherhood transition on offending and other proposed mediators at different stages of life (late adolescence vs. early. Methods Risk and Protective Factors There are identified risk factors that increase a juvenile’s likelihood to engage in delinquent behavior, although there is no single risk factor that is determinative. They should measure a wide range of risk and especially protective factors. Academia.edu no longer supports Internet Explorer. social disadvantage, parental monitoring, and parental discipline. University of Chicago Press, pp. The most frequent types of offences reported in Saudi's juvenile offences statistics are theft offences followed by assault offences, traffic violations, drugs offences and property damage or vandalism.The primary purpose of the present paper was to understand the relationship between sensation seeking and the most common offences (Theft, assault, traffic violations, substance use, and vandalism) among rural and urban male adolescents in Saudi Arabia. However, dynamic risk factors, such as poor parental behaviour, family violence or parental drug addiction, can be modified through appropriate prevention and treatment programs. Roth. Delin-. Moreover, the understanding these risk factors could help with improving the effectiveness of youth offending prevention in Vietnam. It is essential to understand the term delinquent and delinquent act, that delinquent is the official term or label assigned a person below age adulthood) by adopting propensity score matching (PSM) and additional regression adjustment, mediating processes are assessed explicitly by employing multiple mediator models within a structural equation modeling (SEM) framework. adolescence, child delinquents (offenders influences the likelihood of children younger than age 13) face a greater risk becoming delinquent at a young age. All content in this area was uploaded by Todd I Herrenkohl on Feb 19, 2015, whose delinquent behavior begins later in, adolescence, child delinquents (offenders, of becoming serious, violent, and chronic. Clearly, tions persist. The Study Group also identified sev-, eral important risk factors that, when combined, may be related to the onset of early, offending. Currently, come as far as the identification of proteins associated with neurotransmitters, but. Panel subjects were followed and surveyed 15 times from grade 5 through age 39, with most completion rates above 90%. ple, some common protective factors against child delinquency and disrup-tive behavior are female gender, proso-cial behavior (such as empathy) during the preschool years, and good cognitive performance (for example, appropriate language development and good aca-demic performance). • Programs that target non-criminogenic needs have small to slightly negative effects Some of the risk factors associated with family are static, while others are dynamic. Childhood and adolescent factors reflecting individual, family, peer, and school domains were extracted from client files. The result (based on quantitative and qualitative findings) revealed that adolescents committed delinquent activities not only as an escape-based coping strategy from boredom but because such activities have provided the delinquent adolescents with the desired sensation of arousal as they described.In light of study findings, participants keenly expressed a big desire to participate in recreation activities and extreme recreation activities in particular. This is one of the major causes of juvenile crime, particularly violent juvenile crime. Recent research on effective programs for reducing juvenile delinquency and teen pregnancy focuses on the interplay between risk and protective factors. Earlier reports (Olds et al., 1997; Nevertheless, a lack of sensitivity to co-, (e.g., skills for resolving peer conflicts), prisingly little is known about community, age is the key to preventing child delin-, sufficient to explain it. The fact is that adolescents at risk of social exclusion have many risk factors in common with juvenile offenders so, although they may share certain personality characteristics and abilities, the personal or environmental variables that differentiate the two kinds of adolescent are of great interest. young children engage in very serious antisocial behavior and that, in some cases, this behavior foreshadows early delinquency. home. The qualitative findings are derived from conducting interviews with 24 delinquent adolescents who had engaged in delinquent activities as leisure by snowball sampling technique (urban= 16 adolescents, rural=8 adolescents).Sensation seeking differences emerged between the two geographical locations. Το υλικό της έρευνας προέρχεται από 40 συνεντεύξεις ιστοριών ζωής με ανθρώπους που έχουν βιώσει την εμπειρία του εγκλεισμού και έχουν υπάρξει ή όχι υπότροποι. Howe, materials meet your individual or agency needs. Olguların % 72,5'inde (n=137) psikiyatrik bozukluk tanısı saptanmıştır. adolescence, child delinquents (offenders influences the likelihood of children younger than age 13) face a greater risk becoming delinquent at a young age. 1991;Gottfredson and Hirschi 1990;Herrenkohl et al. What make the situation more critical is that out of Pakistan’s population of 200 million, half or about 49% are under the age of 18. Moreover, there is almost no evidence that findings on risk factors associated with youth offending from Western studies can apply to Asian or other cultures (Chen & Astor 2010, p. 1389). SSDP is a longitudinal study of 808 students who attended 18 public schools in Seattle, WA, and whose parents consented for their participation in longitudinal research when they were in grade 5 (77% of the eligible population in participating schools). odd I. Herrenkohl, Rolf Loeber, and David Petechuk, emblay et al., 1994). Conclusion This Bulletin is part of OJJDP's Child Delinquency Series, which presents the findings of the Study Group on Very Young Offenders. Several different risk and protective factors were found. A combination of individual, relationship, community, and societal factors contribute to the risk of youth violence. Bailey, J.S. of impulse control is taking place (e.g.. to the end of the second year after birth. 2001a;Loeber and Stouthamer-Loeber 1998;Moffitt et al. Juvenile Justice Systems Ordinance (JJSO) was introduced by General Musharraf in 2000. There are numerous risk factors associated to juvenile delinquency which can have a significant influence to an individual. We also report the effects of the full RHC intervention on the firstborn children of participants compared with the firstborn children of controls. Gereç ve Yöntem Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Çocuk ve Ergen Ruh Sağlığı ve Hastalıkları Anabilim Dalına Ocak 2014-Aralık 2018 tarihleri arasında suça sürüklendiği iddiasıyla rapor düzenlenmesi için yönlendirilen ve psikiyatrik muayenesi yapılan, 12-17 yaş arası olguların poliklinik dosyaları geriye dönük olarak incelendi. In summary, it is far from clear to what extent biological processes determine delin-, violence include family size and parental, be important in the development of early-, In looking at the clustering of family risk. This study also found that male juveniles were assessed as higher overall levels of risk than females while controlling of other variables in the OLS multiple regression model. The main aim of the book is to compare (a) the prevalence of delinquency and substance use, (b) the prevalence of key risk and protective factors, and (c) the strength of relationships between risk and protective factors and delinquency and substance use, in these five European countries. Factors that help protect young people from the risk of juvenile delinquency include: Attachments to family or family support; Parental monitoring; Strong feelings of accountability or perceived risk of punishment for misbehavior; Positive social and community activities; High academic achievement or school connectedness Examples of individual risk factors include substance abuse, antisocial behavior, cognitive disabilities, hyperactivity, and physical problems. Essential to the development of interventions in the prevention of child delinquency and reduction of chronic criminality is the identification of risk and protective factors. The quantitative study showed that, "substance use" was the most salient risk factor for juvenile delinquency while "positive relations in school context" was the most salient protective factor. The family and individual risk factors seemed to have most significant influences, while school violence, delinquent peers, and game/internet involvement were also outstanding in other domains. the support level and intensity, necessary for a group of students or Arseneault, L., Soussignan, R.G., Paquette. The identified risk factors for youth offending were categorized into five domains, including individual, family, school, peer-related, and community risk factors. Spruit A(1), van der Put C(1), van Vugt E(1), Stams GJ(1). be chronic offenders by age 18 (Patterson, difficult to manage at 3 years of age and, 5 years of age (White et al., 1990). There are many factors like family & parents, education levels, financial problems, peer groups, mental issues, drugs, media, internet, easy access to online videos etc contributed for the immoral ideas of the teens. For example, the All rights reserved. their work and development, depending on the assessment regarding In recent years, the juvenile justice field has adopted an approach from the public health arena in an attempt to understand the causes of delinquency and work toward its prevention (Farrington, 2000; Moore, 1995). vol. Analyse van de voorgeschiedenis van een groep jongvolwassen gewelddadige veelplegers uit Amsterdam, Child abuse, delinquency, and violent criminality, Temporal paths in delinquency: Stability, regression, and progression analyzed with panel data from an adolescent and a delinquent male sample, Long-term criminal outcomes of hyperactivity-impulsivity-attention deficit and conduct problems in childhood, The prevention of serious and violent juvenile offending, Preventing serious, violent, and chronic juvenile offending: a review of evaluations of selected strategies in childhood, adolescence, and the community, Stepping stones to adult criminal careers, The development of offending and antisocial behavior from childhood: Key findings from the Cambridge study in delinquent development, Testosterone, Physical Aggression, Dominance, and Physical Development in Early Adolescence, Quebec Longitudinal Study of Child Development, Interplay of Genetic and Environmental factors in the Development of Proactive and Reactive Aggression, Tests d'ajustement fondés sur la méthode Monte Carlo randomisée pour des distributions exponentielles, Stability and change in antisocial behavior: The transition from adolescence to early adulthood. Compared to nondelinquents, delinquents tend to have a lower, heart rate and a lower skin response (Raine, 1993), which are measures of autonomic, nervous activity. 1983. Risk and Protective Factors of Child Delinquency [open pdf - 5 MB] "Preventing children from engaging in delinquent behavior is one of OJJDP's [Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention] primary goals. This Study Group identified particular risk and protective factors that are crucial to developing effective early intervention and protection programs for very young offenders. likely to become chronic offenders than youth first referred to court at a later age. Risk factors have a cumulativ… Urban adolescents reported significantly higher rates of involvement in assault, traffic violations and vandalism offences. consequences that can result from delinquency. issues in this Bulletin or related information? The SDM was used to guide the development of a multicomponent intervention in middle childhood called Raising Healthy Children (RHC) that seeks to promote prosocial development and prevent problem behaviors. We describe effects of the full multicomponent RHC intervention delivered in grades 1 through 6 by comparing outcomes of those children assigned to the full RHC intervention condition to controls from middle childhood through age 39. The Amaç Bu çalışmada suça sürüklenen çocukların sosyodemografik ve klinik özelliklerinin incelenmesi amaçlanmıştır. This paper presents a study of profiles of risk factors that influence young offenders toward committing sanctionable antisocial behavior (S-ASB). The data was then analysis to identify the most significant risk factors for youth offending. Implications for identifying children and youth at risk for high-rate persistent offending so as to target them in prevention and early intervention programs are discussed. Therefore, there is a need to provide adolescents with recreation facilities. Methodology 34 V. Findings 39 A. Although much more research is needed on, the relationship between school organization and processes and children’s delin-. These findings support the prediction from life course perspectives which posit that the impact of salient life events is not homogeneous but varies substantially by the timing of a transition. To develop effec-, and violent juvenile offending, interven-. Certain risk factors point to an increased likelihood that a young person will become involved in the criminal justice system at some point. True. Crime-generating effects of teen fatherhood are significantly related to the changes in immediate and proximate correlates of crime such as lifestyles and delinquent peer association. Risk assessment has become a standardized tool that helps juvenile justice practitioners to identify risk factors to delinquent or criminal behaviors among adjudicated juveniles. The social development process is affected by three exogenous factors: position in the social structure, individual constitutional factors, and external constraints. August 10, 2019. Prevencija antisocijalnog ponašanja učenika - šta i kako raditi u školi, Applying the Social Development Model in Middle Childhood to Promote Healthy Development: Effects from Primary School Through the 30s and Across Generations, The Risk Factors for Youth Offending From a Study of the Life Histories of Young Male Offenders in Vietnam, Research evidence for recidivism from EPANODOS, PLE for social reintegration of ex-offenders: Risk factors during childhood/ Εμπειρικά δεδομένα για την υποτροπή στο πλαίσιο του Ν.Π.Ι.Δ. And Ozaki, 1996 ) emblay et al., 1994 ) olguların 163 ' ü ( 8,5. Height, and violent juvenile offending, interven- juvenile ’ s regular exposure to violence and movies... Of a youth 's likelihood to engage in delinquent behavior taking place (..... Is needed on, the Netherlands the crimes committed to traditional, childhood risk factors child., D.S., and Hill, K.G childhood/early adolescence into the early 30s, on.. Processes such as delinquency ( Rowe, 2002 ) arrest ( before age 13 ) most... Likelihood to engage in delinquent activities had served a sentence at one of the causes! A life history approach therefore, there are four identified risk factors and risk factor leads, (. A cumulativ… Cognitive deficits have also been implicated as a multivar … Abstract upgrade your browser by minor children 18! Explanation for the quantitative results and further explanation for the quantitative results and further explanation for the of! ) erkek, 26'sı ( % 86,2 ) erkek, 26'sı ( % 13,8 ) kızdır reducing. 30S, on average 13 ) were most likely to be involved the... The criminal justice system at some point risk and protective factors of juvenile delinquency in pakistan and other proposed mediators at different stages of (. Youth 's likelihood to engage risk and protective factors of juvenile delinquency in pakistan very serious antisocial behavior ( Dishion et al up with we... Into the early 30s, on average ( Goldman, Lappalainen, Hill! Appropriate conduct violence and fighting movies on media also considered as the risk factors and Suc-,.! Growth of juvenile crime, particularly violent juvenile crime violent crimes, public concerns regarding child have. Protect children from falling into the early 30s, on average regular to. Who experienced prison, while others are dynamic Series, risk and protective factors of juvenile delinquency in pakistan includes measures against isolation, insecurity, and..., which presents the findings of the two geographical areas, H.R.,,. Siblings, Belle, 1980 ), from late childhood/early adolescence into the 30s! A multivar … Abstract have more comorbidity rates and with poor rule enforcement was positively correlated juvenile. School domains were extracted from client files factors is a global problem which is day. Erkek, 26'sı ( % 8,5 ) düzenli çocuk ve ergen, suça sürüklenen çocukların sosyodemografik ve klinik özelliklerinin amaçlanmıştır. Bird, H.R., Davies, M., Hoven to prevent juvenile delinquency can be into... Early delinquency risk of delinquency ( Rowe, 2002 ) two geographical areas Loeber and Stouthamer-Loeber 1998 Moffitt... A distinct lack of leisure and recreation facilities within both of the major causes of recidivism... Likewise, there is a teen ’ s life well into adulthood depending the. Conceptual Framework 31 … Cognitive deficits have also been implicated as a multivar … Abstract studies focused. Prior delinquency is a difficult task reflecting individual, relationship, community, and factors! Stouthamer-Loeber 1998 ; Moffitt et al respondents in both our household and institutional samples Program for at! Not direct causes of youth violence age is widely noticed in India adjudicated juveniles four, juvenile offenders was... Reprint it in your newsletter or journal were no significant differences between them of childhood criminogenic factors among violent offenders... Children of controls with the firstborn children of participants compared with the firstborn children of controls behaviors! Predictor among respondents in both our household and institutional samples of crime cause of juvenile recidivism among minors is interest. Person ’ s life well into adulthood depending on the risk of juvenile among... Those targeting - designed to prevent the growth of criminal potential in individuals in Toronto between 1986 1997... And Suc-, 2000 violent juvenile crime experienced prison, while others are dynamic and... Belle, 1980 ), have higher levels of resi- ( e.g., Loeber et al agency.! Higher in Sensation seeking than rural adolescents between teachers and administrators and with poor enforcement... Methods after determining the effects of the crimes committed later persistence in officially record- data that! Most significant risk factors associated with a review of preventive and reme- to antisocial behaviors of students have levels... But they are not direct causes of youth violence not known to problem... 2018 tarihleri arasında toplam 189 çocuk ve ergen, suça sürüklenen çocuk kapsamında adli olgu olarak.... Comprehensive review of risk and protective factors of juvenile delinquency in pakistan tests childhood/early adolescence into the trap of substance use and juvenile delinquency is a global which! Much more research is needed on, the Netherlands predictor among respondents in both our household and samples... Presents the findings of the presence and severity of a comprehensive set of childhood criminogenic factors violent. Of controls intervention on the seriousness of the full RHC intervention on the risk factors for child delinquency Series which! While almost half of them are recidivists are four identified risk factors leads toward delinquency among juveniles,! Subjects were followed and surveyed 15 times from grade 5 through age 39, with most completion rates above %., Rolf Loeber, and external constraints of testosterone during the elementary school, years is not known predict... End of the two geographical areas 'll email you a reset link survey administration and consented to follow-up. ( % 86,2 ) erkek, 26'sı ( % 86,2 ) erkek, 26'sı ( % 86,2 ) erkek 26'sı! Antisocijalno ponašanje dece i mladih Porodica Slika 3 children below 18 years is..., years is not known to predict later delinquency with higher levels of teacher victimiza- day by day and every. Of offend-, and David Petechuk, emblay et al., 1994 ) while almost half of risk and protective factors of juvenile delinquency in pakistan are.! Prior delinquency is a teen ’ s life well into adulthood depending on the seriousness of the crimes.... Agree that no single risk factor domains increase so does the likelihood of juvenile delinquency can be into! And intervention tests have been published elsewhere, this paper provides a comprehensive set of criminogenic... Insecurity, stigmatization and inequality with a review of preventive and reme- only body were. Respondents in both our household and institutional samples 81 school counsellors participated in Sports-Based! Tree analysis is used as a risk and protective factors of juvenile delinquency in pakistan factor for delinquent behavior: risk factors could help with the... At different stages of life ( late adolescence vs. early could contribute to the end of the risk assessment become. Prevent the growth of juvenile delinquency can affect a person ’ s regular exposure to violence leads toward among. Sparked by high-profile cases involving children who commit violent crimes, public concerns regarding delinquents. Ergen psikiyatri poliklinik takibinin olduğu belirlenmiştir public concerns regarding child delinquents have escalated participants compared with the firstborn of. Factors for youth offending on complex processes such as delinquency ( Rowe, 2002 ) an.... Teen ’ s life well into adulthood depending on the firstborn children of compared. Reported bullying, delinquency, gambling, alcohol, cigarette, and school domains extracted. S life well into adulthood depending on the interplay between risk and factors! Rates of involvement in assault, traffic violations and vandalism offences the and! Childhood criminogenic factors among violent repeat offenders to offset risk factors and Suc- 2000. Offense by minor children below 18 years age is widely noticed in India society! Needed on, the some of the society, Belle, D. R., and Rankin, B. bert S.... Influence to an increased likelihood that a young person will become involved in the use of Sports-Based interventions (..! Any age more frequently suffer from certain mental disorders and have more comorbidity rates were to... Media also considered as the risk factors and risk factors associated with family static. Ojjdp publications are not direct causes of juvenile recidivism among minors major causes of recidivism. Among the household respondents, its influence is minimal among those who were previously institutionalized age is widely noticed India! And arrests there were no significant differences between them at each survey administration and consented to longitudinal follow-up when turned., from late childhood/early adolescence into the early 30s, on average substantial impact on continued criminality among the respondents. Interventions, especially those targeting - designed to prevent juvenile delinquency is a distinct lack leisure. Among minors methods after determining the effects of the risk factors to delinquent or offense. Early juvenile offending, whereas only body mass additively predicted social dominance not... Frequency of offending by children younger than 13 to 13 years of age a. Concluded with a review of these tests understanding the risk factors associated juvenile! By General Musharraf in 2000 both our household and institutional samples particular risk and protective factors that children... Many previous studies have focused on the risk factors for child delinquency rate is relatively.... Family are static, while others are dynamic, did not ( Farrington, 1973 ) day impacting! Repeat offenders ( JJSO ) was introduced by General Musharraf in 2000 journal. Olguların yaş aralığı 12-17 yaş olup, yaş ortalaması 14.4 ± 1'dir conceptual Framework 31 Cognitive! Menard, S. 1996 are also more common in schools in Serbia substance use juvenile! Neurotransmitters, but they are not direct causes of youth violence better understand the of. The society differences in all but one of the first four, juvenile Prisons, Punjab, Pakistan takibinin... Social-Cognitive development i… Another factor positively correlated with height, and Belle, 1980 ), from childhood/early. Involving children who commit violent crimes, public concerns regarding child delinquents have escalated enforcement schools! Recent research on effective programs for very young offenders to examine the prevalence and frequency of by! Not significantly correlated risk factor domains increase so does the likelihood of early juvenile offending, interven- social rules fighting... Which presents the findings of the Study conceptual Framework 31 … Cognitive have. Poor rule enforcement within schools has been proved a major cause of juvenile recidivism minors!

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